Joshua 19:51 These are the inheritances that Eleazar the priest and Joshua the son of Nun and the heads of the fathers' houses of the tribes of the people of Israel distributed by lot at Shiloh before the Lord, at the entrance of the tent of meeting. So they finished dividing the land.
The first 19 chapters have consistently presented God’s promise to Israel of the land and the demands of the Word for life in the promised land. These five final chapters reflect on the beginnings of their life in the land and Israel’s first steps of obedience. In obedience to the Law given to Moses, Israel begins to separate themselves from the surrounding nations.
The way of life for Israel entails provisions for the underprivileged of their community. Those suspected of murder are provided for in a judicious manner. The Levites, those committed to serving God and the people in the Tent of Meeting, are given special provisions from the entire community.
Only as Israel begins this life of obedience under the Mosaic Law will they realize the future blessings of God. In obedience Israel will begin to see the hand of God at work in their community. Lives throughout the tribes will begin to blend together as all work towards the common goal of obedience to God. The covenant people live in covenant relationship to their God.